If you are unsure about which system to use, read on.
The notes and bibliography system is preferred by many working in the humanities—including literature, history, and the arts.
Follow the links at the top of this page to see examples of some of the more common source types cited in both systems.
Most authors choose the system used by others in their field or required by their publisher.
Each in-text citation matches up with an entry in a reference list, where full bibliographic information is provided.
Aside from the use of numbered notes versus parenthetical references in the text, the two systems share a similar style.For help with other source types, like books, PDFs, or websites, check out our other guides. To have your reference list or bibliography automatically made for you, try our free citation generator. The influence of patients’ and primary care practitioners’ beliefs and expectations about chronic musculoskeletal pain on the process of care: a systematic review of qualitative studies. "Fire History of the Peron Peninsula, Shark Bay, Western Australia Based on Remote Sensing Dendrochronology, and Anecdotal Evidence." M. thesis, University of Nebraska at Omaha, Pro Quest Dissertations and Theses Global (1564281), Use the following template to cite a dissertation using the Chicago Manual of Style 16th edition (note) citation style.Chicago-style source citations come in two varieties: (1) notes and bibliography and (2) author-date.If you already know which system to use, follow one of the links above to see sample citations for a variety of common sources.Students who are unsure of which system to use will find more information here. Education: Exploring Youth Perspectives, Implicit Messages, and Unexamined Implications of Sex Education in Schools" (Ph D diss., University of Michigan, 2010), 101-2. Work can be plagiarised from many sources: books, articles, websites, course notes, other students’ assignments, even your own earlier assignments.Plagiarism can occur by mistake if you are not careful.