Already admired in his lifetime for his nationalistic writings and activities, Jose Rizal was executed for treason on December 30, 1896 by the Spanish colonial government.
His writings had helped inspire the Philippine Revolution against colonial rule.
From 1565 to 1821, the Viceroyalty of New Spain ruled the Philippines from Mexico City.
In 1821, Mexico became independent, and Spain's government in Madrid took direct control of the Philippines.
Historian Renato Constantino, building upon sentiments noted by Agoncillo, wrote in his 1970 essay Veneration Without Understanding that Rizal was unworthy of his high status since he was a "United States-sponsored hero".
In 1990, historian Ambeth Ocampo stated that Rizal was a "conscious hero" stating that he is projected himself as a national figure prior to his execution and that he was deemed as the national hero by Bonifacio, noting naming Rizal as the honorary president of the Katipunan, long-before being given reverence by the American colonial administrators. Ramos formed the National Heroes Committee on March 28, 1993 under Executive Order No.By the start of the 20th century, the Philippines had become a territory of the United States.Rizal was given special attention as a hero by the American colonial administration because, unlike more radical figures whose ideas could inspire resistance against American rule, he was interpreted to represent peaceful political advocacy.Following the death of President Corazon "Cory" Aquino on August 1, 2009, two resolutions, House Joint Resolution Nos.41 and 42, have been filed proposing her official recognition as a national hero with her birthdate January 25 as Cory Aquino Day.Loosely, the term may refer to all Filipino historical figures recognized as heroes, but the term more strictly refers to those officially designated as such.In 1995 the Philippine National Heroes Committee officially recommended several people for the designation, but this was not acted upon.As of 2007 The reformist writer José Rizal, today generally considered the greatest Filipino hero and often given as the Philippine national hero, has never been explicitly proclaimed as the (or even a) national hero by the Philippine government.While other historical figures are commemorated in public municipal or provincial holidays, Rizal and Bonifacio are commemorated in public nationwide (national) holidays and thus are implied to be national heroes.On December 20, 1898, Emilio Aguinaldo, President of the Philippine government, decreed December 30 of every year a day of national mourning in honor of Rizal and other victims of the revolution.Henceforth, December 30 has been celebrated as Rizal Day.