Essays On African Americans In The Civil War

Essays On African Americans In The Civil War-23
There was much opposition from whites, because many thought that the Blacks were biologically inferior and could not be trusted with weapons.

There was much opposition from whites, because many thought that the Blacks were biologically inferior and could not be trusted with weapons.

Many thought that if Blacks could fight in the war it would make them equal to whites and prove the theory of slavery was wrong.

The free Blacks wanted to prove their equality and help the slaves win their freedom.

Blacks took part in 499 military engagements, thirty-nine of which were major battles.

In each one of those battles they served with great distinction and proved they could serve their country well.

Also, a federal law dating back to 1792 stated Blacks could not fight in the United States Army.

Abolitionists, those in the north who fought for Black rights, argued that Blacks had fought in the Revolutionary War and the War of 1812.On July 17, 1862 Congress passed two acts allowing enlistment of Blacks in the Army, but they were ignored.The War Department still turned Blacks away when they tried to sign up to fight. shall be then, thenceforth and free forever” (Knight, Carson, 1997, 1). After this law Blacks were finally able to enlist in Union armies.Seventeen Blacks were awarded the Medal of Honor, a prestigious award.One of the most well known battles fought by Black soldiers was at Fort Wagner in South Carolina on July 18, 1863.Then in September of 1862, Abraham Lincoln passed the Emancipation Proclamation which declared, “slaves within any State, or designated part of a State … When Blacks began to fight many whites realized that it was for the better.Recruitment of whites had become difficult and after Blacks were allowed to enlist not as many white men would have to enlist.The Battle of Port Hudson, the last remaining Confederate fort on the lower part of the Mississippi River was another such battle.On May 27, 1863 Confederate forces had twenty siege guns and thirty pieces of artillery, a major threat to the Union warships.These former slaves were used in very effective blockades of southern ports.Unlike the Army, the Navy treated the Blacks well, housing and feeding them with whites and offering them opportunities for promotion.

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