Footnotes and endnotes both let you add extra information in an essay or college paper. Footnotes appear at the bottom or “foot” of the page.
In this post, we run through everything you need to know about using footnotes and endnotes in academic writing.
You can therefore put extra information in a footnote, such as source details for a citation, without interrupting the flow of the main text.
To indicate a footnote, you can add a superscript number to the text, such as at the end of this sentence.
Endnotes are like footnotes, but they appear together at the end of the document rather than at the bottom of each page.
Endnotes are thus less immediately accessible for the reader than footnotes, but they can help ensure that pages with multiple notes don’t become cluttered.Make your writing stand out rather than your design skills.Sometimes it seems that students spend more time formatting the essay than they do writing it. Typically, citations in a regular essay or timed examination are placed in the text next to the proposition they support.See the sample student essays in chapter 10 of the book for models.These suggestions are only guidelines to use if you do not receive more specific instructions from your tutor or lecturer.What is OSCOLA and how does it relate to the Harvard citation style?Citation signals Most instructors at the undergraduate level (including instructors on law conversion courses) do not require students to do more than indicate the names of cases or statutes in the text of their essays and examinations, particularly in timed examinations.Sometimes, though, you will notice that your textbook or lecturer uses the second party's name regularly.If you know that the case is commonly short-cited to the second party's name, go ahead and use that.If you do move vital evidence or analysis to a note, the person marking your work may ignore it.And reducing the word count is never more important than putting forward a full, coherent argument.