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The Catholic Church maintains that knowledge of the existence of God is the "natural light of human reason".
In modern Western societies, the concepts of God typically entail a monotheistic, supreme, ultimate, and personal being, as found in the Christian, Islamic and Jewish traditions.
In monotheistic religions outside the Abrahamic traditions, the existence of God is discussed in similar terms.
The Sun and the Moon are not just random objects floating in the Milky Way, rather they serve us day and night, and the way nature works and how life is formed, humankind benefits from it.
Rushd essentially comes to a conclusion that there has to be a higher being who has made everything perfectly to serve the needs of human beings.
The Western tradition of philosophical discussion of the existence of God began with Plato and Aristotle, who made arguments that would now be categorized as cosmological.
Other arguments for the existence of God have been proposed by St.
Rushd cites “providence” and “invention” in using the Qur'an's parables to claim the existence of God.
Rushd argues that the Earth's weather patterns are conditioned to support human life; thus, if the planet is so finely-tuned to maintain life, then it suggests a fine tuner - God.
Anselm, who formulated the first ontological argument; Ibn Rushd (Averroes) and Thomas Aquinas, who presented their own versions of the cosmological argument (the kalam argument and the first way, respectively); René Descartes, who said that the existence of a benevolent God is logically necessary for the evidence of the senses to be meaningful.
John Calvin argued for a sensus divinitatis, which gives each human a knowledge of God's existence.