# How To Write Numbers In A Research Paper

when these numbers occur alone or as part of a larger number.

But this was a general rule, when I was learning my (native) language as a youngster.

Nowadays, a sub-rule also appears somehow fitting to my eyes: the distinction between whether the number is used to count the cardinality of a collection, or to inform about the magnitude of an entity.

Is there any particular reason why numbers less than 10 should be written in words?

I have been taught, without justification, to write integer positive numbers from 1 up to and including 10 in words, and all the rest using numerical symbols.

The APA version 6 style manual has an entire section starting from 4.31 on how to present numbers in text.

The manual does include a general rule that numbers 10 and above should be expressed as numerals, but there are a wide range of exceptions.Stack Exchange network consists of 175 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.Visit Stack Exchange My current strategy in my thesis and in papers is to write numbers less than 10 in words.Recasting the phrase is generally the better option.When the precise value must be conveyed, the decimal or percent form is preferred.I would write "Let two firms engaged in oligopolistic competition" rather than "let 2 firms..." (this is "counting the cardinality of a collection").I would also write "Let fifty firms..." rather then "Let 50 firms" But, I would write "the value of this parameter is set to 6", rather than "... Many style manuals will have specific requirements regarding when to express a number as numerals or in words.But it may not necessarily be appropriate for the document you're writing.In English non-technical contexts, the style is often to write out numbers from one to nine as words, and then from 10 onwards as numbers (this is style used by the Associated Press and in some cases the Chicago Manual of Style).Would you like to try out a quick quiz to test your number knowledge?Check out these easy and fun exercises from Grammar Book: Exercise 1 and Exercise 2 Comment below to let us know how you fared!

## Comments How To Write Numbers In A Research Paper

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