Facebook, Twitter and Google Maps all have APIs that allow other websites or computer programs to use their underlying tools.
The New York Times and NPR have also released APIs that allow other programs to draw on archives of movie reviews, restaurant reviews and articles.
Many say that the future of the Internet lies in APIs because they help distribute and combine content.
On the Web, APIs are generally special URLs that give back machine-readable data, in formats like JSON or XML, rather than human-readable data, which is usually HTML.
The days are over when a journalist could ignore those geeks in the corner who typed lines of code, worked on the website and spoke in a bizarre language populated with acronyms.
Any journalist’s story now may be distributed with an API; information gathered by a reporter could be used in a mashup or shared via Scribd.
This glossary will help you wade through such terms.
They relate to Web standards, programming, online tools, social networking, online advertising and basic technology.
(See also, RSS) — One of the first widespread web-native publishing formats, generally characterized by reverse chronological ordering, rapid response, linking, and robust commenting.
While originally perceived to be light on reporting and heavy on commentary, a number of blogs are now thoroughly reported, and legacy media organizations have also launched various blogs.