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This must include adherence to patient and family- centred care, with enthusiasm to work towards the best patient outcome (Finkelman, 2017).This role is grounded within professional and personal values, expertise, theories and practice that encompass innovative and evidence-based care, whilst complementing other healthcare providers (Joel, 2017).
The Royal College of Nursing (RCN, 2014:3) define nursing as the ability to ‘improve, maintain, or recover health, to cope with health problems, and to achieve the best quality of life’ for patients until their death.
This essay will critically analyse the nurses’ role and responsibilities within care provision, discussing their role as a primary caregiver, a leader, advocate, educator, collaborator, practitioner, in addition to their responsibilities in line with professional codes of practice (Nursing and Midwifery Council, 2015).
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For instance, with the introduction of an English test by the Nursing and Midwifery Council following Brexit, the number of EU nurses has reduced by 89% (Tapper, 2017).
Furthermore, the government has removed the nursing bursary, which in turn has led to a reduction in the number of nursing students, thus leading to nurse shortages (Adams, 2017).Nurses must also be aware that capacity can change at any moment and so succinct clinical judgement is key in order to provide high quality and ethical care (Stanley, 2016).Another important role of the nurse is as an educator, to patients, families, society, other healthcare professionals and students (Bastable, 2017).A transformational style encourages and motivates other staff members to improve the provision of care, without dictating information (Marshall, 2016).However, a more transactional leadership style is necessary in time-sensitive, critical situations (Stanley, 2016).Nurses should carry out an assessment in order to evaluate levels of capacity, in an appropriate manner in which the patient can understand.If the patient is found to lack capacity, the least restrictive option should be chosen in order to provide care in their best interests (Mc Ewen and Wills, 2017).Patient-centred care is beneficial in that is ensures patients are treated with compassion and respect (Finkelman, 2017).Improvements are also witnessed in regards to staff performance and morale when patient-centred care is provided (Stein-Parbury, 2017).Within a hospital environment, they provide knowledge about illness and teach patients how to self-manage their conditions (Bastable, 2017).Emphasis and facilitation of self-care are vital components of nursing, especially as approximately 15 million individuals within England have one or more long-term condition (RCN, 2018).