Preparedness Theory Of Phobias

Preparedness Theory Of Phobias-11
One day there is a forest fire, and one animal runs away, while the other shows no fear and stays in the danger zone. Preparedness is the tendency to learn some associations more easily, quickly and permanently than others.According to the theory of evolution, the animal that runs away will survive. Less input is needed to fear something that was harmful to us in our evolutionary past than something that was not.The theory of evolution and preparedness can help explain biologically why people have phobias.

One day there is a forest fire, and one animal runs away, while the other shows no fear and stays in the danger zone. Preparedness is the tendency to learn some associations more easily, quickly and permanently than others.According to the theory of evolution, the animal that runs away will survive. Less input is needed to fear something that was harmful to us in our evolutionary past than something that was not.The theory of evolution and preparedness can help explain biologically why people have phobias.

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This is why we are more likely to fear snakes more than rocks.

Our ancestors developed genes of fear for objects that were harmful to them and passed them down to us, so we are more 'prepared' to fear them over objects that were not harmful to them in the past.

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The idea of preparedness also explains why we do not easily learn fears of modern things that are potentially dangerous, such as cars or knives.

In conclusion, the biological theory of phobias suggests that we have genes of fear for these objects that were passed down to us from our ancestors, causing us to be more 'prepared' to fear objects that were harmful to early humans, making us more likely to fear these objects over objects that were not harmful to them in the past.We use cookies to offer you a better experience, personalize content, tailor advertising, provide social media features, and better understand the use of our services.To learn more or modify/prevent the use of cookies, see our Cookie Policy and Privacy Policy.Phobias are characterised as a conditioned reaction that is specific, persistent, intense and irrational with a compelling need to avoid the phobic object or situation (Reber, 1995).The majority of phobias concentrate on a small number of fear inducing stimuli such as snakes, spiders, heights, thunder and confined spaces.For further information, including about cookie settings, please read our Cookie Policy .By continuing to use this site, you consent to the use of cookies.While more people are likely to have unpleasant experiences with non-biological stimuli there is research to suggest that phobias have a biological specificity i.e.most phobias are based upon a fear of biological stimuli (Jacobs & Nadel, 1985).If evolution prepares us to learn to be afraid of fire, we will make an association between fear and fire much more quickly than between fear and a non prepared stimulus such as a rock.These things included situations which can be dangerous/threatening to humans early in their evolution, such as fire, deep water, lightning, and heights.

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    Seligman's preparedness theory of phobias implies that fear-relevant stimuli are contraprepared for safety-signal conditioning. This means that it should be very difficult to establish a fear-relevant stimulus as a safety-signal in nonphobic subjects. This hypothesis was tested in an electrodermal conditioning.…

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    Preparedness theory has certainly received significant empirical support, and made an important contribution in addressing the shortcomings of the classical conditioning theory to account for the unequal distribution of fear and phobia. However, it is doubtful whether findings support Seligman’s.…

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    Preparedness theory and Phobias. 1844 words 7 pages Essay in Psychology. Phobias induce physiological responses and can impact upon daily routines, inhibiting life experiences and opportunities. While more people are likely to have unpleasant experiences with non-biological stimuli.…

  • Preparedness theory and Phobias - UK Essays
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    Disclaimer This work has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work produced by our Essay Writing Service. You can view samples of our professional work here. Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not…

  • Evolutionary Theory and Preparedness GCSE Psychology
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    The theory of evolution and preparedness can help explain biologically why people have phobias. To help you better understand this theory imagine this scenario There are two animals living in a forest. One day there is a forest fire, and one animal runs away.…

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    Home A Level and IB Psychology Biological Preparedness Theory of Phobias. Passing on of traits, such as phobias, through genetics.…

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    Theories of Phobia Development. What is a phobia? A phobic disorder is a marked, persistent, andA triggering event is different for everyone, but generally a trauma or a time of severe stress. Preparedness theory of phobias is that people are instinctively predisposed toward certain fears.…

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