The Original Research format is suitable for many different fields and different types of studies.
It includes full Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion sections.
Reviews commonly cite approximately 100 primary research articles.
TIP: If you would like to write a Review but have not been invited by a journal, be sure to check the journal website as some journals to not consider unsolicited Reviews.
This format often has strict length limits, so some experimental details may not be published until the authors write a full .
Review Articles: Review Articles provide a comprehensive summary of research on a certain topic, and a perspective on the state of the field and where it is heading.If the website does not mention whether Reviews are commissioned it is wise to send a pre-submission enquiry letter to the journal editor to propose your Review manuscript before you spend time writing it.Case Studies: These articles report specific instances of interesting phenomena.If the search engine doesn't, or if you got the citation somewhere else, like the bibliography of another science paper you were reading, there are several ways to find copies.Searching for Newer Papers (published during Internet era) Searching for Older Papers (published pre-Internet era) Even with all of the above searching methods, you may not be able to find a free copy of the paper online.When you start your background research, one of the early steps is finding and reading the scientific literature related to your science project (see the Roadmap: How to Get Started On an Advanced Science Project article for more details on project steps).Mentors are a great resource for recommendations about which scientific papers are critical for you to read and you should definitely ask your mentor, or another expert in the field, for advice.Reading scientific literature is a critical part of conceiving of and executing a successful advanced science project.The How to Read a Scientific Paper guide can help you get the most out of each paper you read—first, of course, you have to actually get your hands on the paper! Below you'll find tips and resources for both searching for and acquiring free copies of scientific papers to read.Universities and colleges often subscribe to academic search engines.If you can't find what you need using a free search engine, you may be able to access these resources from computers in a university or college library.