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However, once accused, Socrates does not escape from prison and later, execution, for: "Socrates is confident that justice and morality are always in our interest. in The Internet Classics Archive, MIT and Web atomics, accessed 18 February 2008 Frank N.He insists that a just person will allow nothing to count against doing the just action, no matter what the cost may be. Magill, ed., World philosophy: essay-reviews of 225 major works (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Salem Press, c1982).(Jowett) Since Socrates did not bother to write down anything that happened, we must use Plato’s interpretation of the trial as it unfolded and gleaned enough information to come to our conclusion.
While recognizing of course, that the Apology is not a verbatim account of Socrates’ speech, other scholars argue that Plato’s account must be fairly accurate.
These scholars point out that Plato wrote at a time during which he could expect many of his readers to have firsthand knowledge of the trial, reducing any incentive he might have had to present the case of Socrates too sympathetically.
He lived during a time of monumental change in the attitudes and beliefs of the people.
His views ran contrary to what was deemed as the will of the people.
Anyway, the Socratic Problem usually only arises in the dialogues that Plato wrote, not accounts.
Plato did use Socrates as a "character" for delivering his own philosophical treatises as well as some of Socrates'.Many historians believe "The Apology" to be Socrates own. He had his supporters and his detractors, much like the political pundits of today’s political arena.To understand how Socrates came to be on trial, one must first study the history with an objective eye.Very few accounts of the proceedings exist today, so one must primarily rely on the writing of Plato, who was supportive of Socrates, and keenly documented greek culture.Those views led to him being prosecuted and put to death by poison.Should he have been killed for teaching what he believed to be true?If Socrates were to choose an ordinary good over the just course of action he would be choosing an action that is bad for him, and he refuses to do this; this is why he refuses to propose an alternative to the death penalty." Thus, Socrates chooses to accept his fate and, doing so, secures his place as "the greatest hero in the history of philosophy." Socrates' primary concern in life was arete `excellence', not in the Sophistic sense of practical efficiency in public life, but as moral excellence of soul, that is, virtue. Becker, eds., Encyclopedia of Ethics (New York: Routledge, 2001), 1623. Alex_J commented, on February 27, 2008 at a.m.: Interesting Read and Well Written But as this is an account by Plato of Socrates,how much do we know is true or not about the beliefs of Socrates - Daniel Marrow commented, on February 28, 2008 at p.m.: It is true that we cannot be 100% sure of what Socrates said himself as Plato wrote The Apology.This belief sets the foundations for ethics and philosophy, that Socrates died, not in vain, but for that which he most valued: the pursuit of virtue. However, as this is an account of a well known event, we can be sure that it is accurate (many other of Socrates' friends were present and Plato is less likely to have written something different when there were other people who witnessed the speech).Society was morphing into a democracy with the help of Pericles.Pericles created the people’s courts and used the public treasury to promote the arts.