The data collected are available in major reports known as "Report Cards." The NAEPfacts series takes data collected for the Report Cards and uses them to highlight specific issues of particular interest to teachers, researchers, policymakers, and other indi-viduals with an interest in education. This issue of NAEPfacts examines answers given to those questions by students whose perform-ance on the assessments fell near the 25th, 50th, and 90th percentiles of the NAEP scale.\1\ The purpose is to determine if there is a relationship between study habits and academic performance.
Both assessments asked students the following three questions on their general study habits: (1) how much time they spent on homework; (2) how frequently they discussed their studies at home; and (3) how many pages they read each day at school and for homework. In answering the questions, students could select from a number of responses.\2\ The responses that indicated the most conscientious behavior were selected as identifying "good study habits." These responses were "spent more than one hour on homework every day," "discussed studies at home daily/almost daily," and "read more than 20 pages each day at school and for homework." The assumption that students giving these responses had better study habits than students who did not was considered reasonable, but refutable.
Data from both assessments also showed that better-performing 8th- and 12th-grade students were more likely to spend more than an hour a day on homework.
Data for 4th graders, however, gave different results. history assessment better-performing students were less likely to spend more than an hour on their homework each day than lower-performing students.
Among the noted unfavorable study habits were inefficient time management, lack of planning and concentration in their studies, poor skills in reading, ineffective test taking techniques, and failure to inform their teachers of their difficulties with school work and ask for their help.
The participants also demonstrated unfavorable attitudes toward teachers’ classroom behavior and methods. For 4th graders, the analysis found either positive relationships, no relationship, or a negative relationshipmixed results that are consistent with previous research. history and geography assessments found a real, but limited relationship between good study habits and academic performance, for 8th and 12th graders.Researchers are divided on whether this indicates that 4th graders are often assigned too much homework.The National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) continuously monitors the knowledge, skills, and performance of the nation's children and youth in a variety of academic subjects. history and geography assessments asked 4th-, 8th-, and 12th-grade students three questions about their general study habits.1/ The assessments used a 500-point scale for each of the three grades. Students described as being at or near a percentile had a scale score that was within a 5-percentage point range on either side of the specified scale point. School Psychology Quarterly, 7(3), 178-206, and Heller, L. NAEP identified the particular scale points that defined the 25th, 50th, and 90th percentiles on both the geography and U. For example, translating this 10-percentage-point range into scale-score ranges for 12th-grade students on the U. history assessment gives the following results: 25th percentile, 259-270; 50th percentile, 284-292; 90th percentile, 319-335. In general, researchers stress the importance of "quality" over "quantity" in as-signing homework.\ The positive relationships between good study habits and performance on the NAEP assessments can be interpreted in various ways as well. The series is a product of the National Center for Education Statistics. On the one hand, the finding that high performing students are significantly more likely to discuss their studies at home almost every day supports recent research that has linked improved student achievement with parental efforts to ensure good study habits and involve themselves with the schools.\ On the other hand, it is also possible that the academic abilities of high performing students enable them to read more easily, to find doing their homework less burdensome, and to enjoy talking to their parents about their successes in school. This issue was written by Alan Vanneman, of the Education Statistics Services Institute, in support of the National Center for Education Statistics. This is true for every category except one, 4th graders who said they spent more than an hour a day on homework. history assessment show that even though 8th-grade students in the 90th percentile were more likely to read more than 20 pages a day in school and for homework than those in the 50th and 25th percentiles, only 13 percent of those in the 90th percentile actually reported doing so.This category showed a negative trend-the better these students did, the less likely they were to say they spent more than an hour a day on homework. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Results from the geography assessment, summarized in table 2, were similar. However, it is important to note that many students in the 90th percentile did not display good study habits. Overall, the better students perform academically, the more likely they are to discuss their studies at home every day.