Is there material that does not contribute to one of the elements listed above?If so, this may be material that you will want to consider deleting or moving.In most circumstances, this is best accomplished by physically separating statements about new observations from statements about the meaning or significance of those observations.
It is then developed in the main body of the paper, and mentioned again in the discussion section (and, of course, in the abstract and conclusions).
Some suggestions on how to shorten your paper: Although it varies considerably from project to project, average thesis length is about 40 pages of text plus figures.
This section should be rich in references to similar work and background needed to interpret results.
However, interpretation/discussion section(s) are often too long and verbose.
The list should include a short title for each figure but not the whole caption. The list should include a short title for each table but not the whole caption.
You can't write a good introduction until you know what the body of the paper says.The goal is the shortest possible paper that contains all information necessary to describe the work and support the interpretation.Avoid unnecessary repetition and irrelevant tangents. Necessary repetition: the main theme should be developed in the introduction as a motivation or working hypothesis.The first time you read something, you will consciously remember some things, but may subconsciously take in other aspects.It is important to cross check your conscious memory against your citations. Kennedy, 1985, On Academic Authorship Sigma Xi, 1984, Honor in Science Yale University pamphlet on plagiarism Write for brevity rather than length.Because of the literature explosion, papers more skimmed than read.Skimming involves reading the abstract, and looking at the figures and figure captions."Show them, don't just tell them…" Ideally, every result claimed in the text should be documented with data, usually data presented in tables or figures.If there are no data provided to support a given statement of result or observation, consider adding more data, or deleting the unsupported "observation." Examine figure(s) or table(s) pertaining to the result(s).The next paragraphs in the introduction should cite previous research in this area.It should cite those who had the idea or ideas first, and should also cite those who have done the most recent and relevant work.